"Sabbath"


Saturday (Seventh Day) or Sunday (First Day)?


Gen 2:2-3 2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made. (KJV)

Exod 20:8-11 8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: 10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: 11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it. (KJV)

So many people associate the Sabbath day with the Law of Moses and the Ten Commandments.  The Ten commandments were given or written at the same time as the Law of Moses was given, but the Sabbath was a day that God blessed and hallowed, which was set aside at the creation of the world.

While the Law of Moses was fulfilled and done away (Or replaced by the Gospel Law),the Ten Commandments remain in effect today.  In fact Christ even repeated most of the Ten Commandments and expanded and explained what each one really meant.


Why does Christianity Observe Sunday?


Many people believe that we celebrate the Sabbath on Sunday because they say Christ was resurrected on Sunday. This is not true!

Let's look at some of the scriptural records of what happened at the resurrection.

Mark 16:1-6 1 And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him. 2 And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun. 3 And they said among themselves, Who shall roll us away the stone from the door of the sepulchre? 4 And when they looked, they saw that the stone was rolled away: for it was very great. 5 And entering into the sepulchre, they saw a young man sitting on the right side, clothed in a long white garment; and they were affrighted. 6 And he saith unto them, Be not affrighted: Ye seek Jesus of Nazareth, which was crucified: he is risen; he is not here: behold the place where they laid him. (KJV)

The Sabbath ends at 6:00 PM on Saturday.  Christ was already risen when they came to the tomb, very early Sunday morning.

Luke 24:1-3 1 Now upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain others with them. 2 And they found the stone rolled away from the sepulchre. 3 And they entered in, and found not the body of the Lord Jesus. (KJV)

Again, Christ was already risen when they came to the tomb, very early Sunday morning.

John 20:1-2 1 The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre. 2 Then she runneth, and cometh to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and saith unto them, They have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we know not where they have laid him. (KJV)

Again, Christ was already risen when they came to the tomb, very early Sunday morning, while it was yet dark.

In each case, they came very early in the morning, on the first day of the week (Sunday) and they did not find Him there.  They came "Very Early, At Sunrise, and while it was yet dark.


What does Prophecy say about the Death and Resurrection of Christ?


Matt 12:39-40 39 But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: 40 For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. (KJV)

The sign to be given was three days and three nights.  Whether we want to say it is full days and full nights or parts of three days and parts of three nights, it must truly be three of each.

Matt 27:63 63 Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again. (KJV)

John 2:19-21 19 Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. 20 Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days? 21 But he spake of the temple of his body. (KJV)

Jonah 1:17 17 Now the LORD had prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights. (KJV)

Scripture promises that Christ will be in the grave (Tomb) for three days and three nights.

Many would try to say that three days means only part of three different days.  I believe it means three literal days and three literal nights.


When was Christ Crucified!


Mark 15:24-25 24 And when they had crucified him, they parted his garments, casting lots upon them, what every man should take. 25 And it was the third hour, and they crucified him. (KJV)

The crucifixion started at 9 O'clock in the morning at the same time that the Lamb was supposed to be sacrificed in the Temple.  This was a Temple (Law of Moses) ritual that had been conducted every day for the last 1200 years.

Matt 27:45 45 Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour. (KJV)

Christ hung on the cross and at 12 O'clock noon it became dark, as night, for three hours until 3 O'clock in the afternoon.

Matt 27:46-53 46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? 47 Some of them that stood there, when they heard that, said, This man calleth for Elias. 48 And straightway one of them ran, and took a spunge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink. 49 The rest said, Let be, let us see whether Elias will come to save him. 50 Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost. 51 And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent; 52 And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, 53 And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many. (KJV)

Christ died on the cross at about3 O'clock in the afternoon.

The spear was thrust into His side and pierced His heart.  This was done to prove that He was dead.  They broke the legs of the other prisoners to speed up their death.

No crucifixion, burying or other work was allowed on the Sabbath day, so the crucifixions had to be completed and the bodies placed into the grave prior to 6:00 PM when the Sabbath day started.

Under Jewish law and tradition, the Sabbath day started at 6:00 PM on Friday evening and continued until 6:00 PM on Saturday evening.

We do not know the day on which Christ was crucified, but we know is was just before one of their Sabbaths, or Holy Days.


Three days and three nights!


Suggested time of resurrection using full days and full nights
Event Day or Night Time of Day Actual Hours
Crucifixion starts at 9:00 AM. -- 9:00 AM --
Darkness for three hours starting at 12:00 PM. -- 12:00 PM to 3:00 PM 3 Hours
Christ dies on the cross at 3:00 PM. -- 3:00 PM --
Christ taken from the cross and placed in tomb before 6:00 PM. -- 6:00 PM --
Night # 1 Wednesday night 6:00 PM to 6:00 AM 12 hours
Day # 1 Thursday 6:00 AM to 6:00 PM 12 hours
Night # 2 Thursday night 6:00 PM to 6:00 AM 12 hours
Day # 2 Friday 6:00 AM to 6:00 PM 12 hours
Night # 3 Friday night 6:00 PM to 6:00 AM 12 hours
Day # 3 Saturday 6:00 AM to 6:00 PM 12 hours
Christ Resurrected Saturday 6:00 PM --

This scenario will satisfy the requirements for three full days and three full nights.

This scenario will also satisfy the conditions where Mary comes to the tomb very early in the morning of the first day of the week (Sunday), while it is yet dark.


Let's now examine the theory that a day is considered any portion of that day.

Suggested time of resurrection using partial days and partial nights
Event Day or Night Time of Day Actual Hours
Crucifixion starts at 9:00 AM. Friday 9:00 AM --
Darkness for three hours starting at 12:00 PM. Friday 12:00 PM to 3:00 PM 3 hours
Christ dies on the cross at 3:00 PM. -- 3:00 PM --
Christ taken from the cross and placed in tomb before 6:00 PM. -- 6:00 PM --
Day # 1 Friday 5:00 PM to 6:00 PM 1 hours
Night # 1 Friday night 6:00 PM to 6:00 AM 12 hours
Day # 2 Saturday 6:00 AM to 6:00 PM 12 hours
Night # 2 Saturday night 6:00 PM to 6:00 AM 12 hours
Day # 3 Sunday 6:00 AM to 7:00 AM 1 hours
Christ Resurrected Sunday at 7:00 AM -- --

This scenario will satisfy the requirements for three partial days, but where is the third night?

You cannot start on Friday and end on Sunday morning and have three days and three nights.

This scenario will NOT satisfy the conditions where Mary comes to the tomb very early in the morning of the first day of the week (Sunday), while it is yet dark.

By 7:00 AM in the morning, it is no longer dark and it is not very early!

On Sunday morning when they came to the tomb, very early while it was still dark, they did not find Christ in the tomb.


I believe it fits the scriptural story much better for God to mean three full days and three full nights.

The crucifixion did not occur on Friday and the Resurrection did not occur on Sunday.

As Christians, we need to spend all seven days each week in total commitment to Him.  Just as circumcision is a sign that God's people will carry with them, so keeping the Sabbath is another sign to show the world who God's children, Israel really are.


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